Researchers demonstrated a large risk for a shorter life expectancy (1.5 years) for long-term unemployed, 30 to 40 years of age. A 15 to 20 % increase in death rates over 20 years. Negative risks for long-term-jobless did not reduce to zero until the age at the time of the job loss was age 60. Clearly, for this sample, being younger and jobless carried a greater risk. This is a sufficient reason to put people back to work in government created jobs programs. The latter suggestion which seems so obvious to the unemployed, eludes politicians and the economists who advise them.