Cross-posted at the Francis L. Holland blog.
The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Human Genome Program devoted 3% of its annual Human Genome Project (HGP) budget toward studying the ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI) surrounding the availability of genetic information. Some of these projects studied potential effects of ELSI, and others sought to educate professionals through literature, conferences, workshops, and multimedia. Among the programs funded by DOE ELSI were educational materials for physicians, educators, students, clergy, and judges and other legal professionals.
DNA studies do not indicate that separate classifiable subspecies (races) exist within modern humans. While different genes for physical traits such as skin and hair color can be identified between individuals, no consistent patterns of genes across the human genome exist to distinguish one race from another. There also is no genetic basis for divisions of human ethnicity. People who have lived in the same geographic region for many generations may have some alleles in common, but no allele will be found in all members of one population and in no members of any other.
But, here's what the white supremacist “Nationalist Party USA” says about “race:”
The Nationalist Party embraces the differences in Cultures and races, and allows for each group to embrace their own heritage — while recognizing the right to live separately, if we choose; and to preserve our unique Culture and heritage. Nationalist Party USA
Clearly their belief in different races rationalizes, in their minds, their belief in and advocacy for segregation. And why not? Do we segregate dogs and cats at the dog pound? As soon as you concede that we are from different “races” you have conceded a fundamental point in their argument that we should live separately (and unequally).
Here's another quote from the same white supremacist website:
“Michael Levin's long-awaited book on race has finally arrived, every bit as powerful and insightful as his admirers had hoped it would be. Why Race Matters does exactly what the title promises — it removes all illusions about the insignificance of race, and explains what racial differences mean for a multi-racial society. It is a thorough, overwhelmingly convincing treatment of America's most serious and least understood problem. Like the work of Arthur Jensen and Philippe Rushton, it destroys the egalitarian myth, but Prof. Levin parts company with other academics in his willingness to tell us what biology means for policy. Facts imply conclusions, and this book draws them.
“The question is not why anyone would believe the races are unequal, but why anyone would believe them equal.”
As Prof. Levin points out, a book like Why Race MattersNationalist Party USA should not have to be written. The only sensible conclusion to be drawn from simple observation is that races differ: “To put the matter bluntly, the question is not why anyone would believe the races are unequal in intelligence, but why anyone would believe them equal.” For centuries, people as different as Arabs and Englishmen have judged Africans to be unintelligent, lascivious, jolly, and keen on rhythm. Today, in whatever corner of the globe one looks, blacks behave in certain consistent ways.”
So, there you have it! White supremacists agree with Blacks who insist that we must keep using the word “race”! White supremacists believe it is essential that we maintain our belief in “race,” and they want to continue using that very word, precisely because science will never offer them any empirically-based substitute.